Ethnic group

From information database, the free resource
  (Redirected from Ethnic)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Socially defined category of people who identify with each other
"Ethnicity" redirects here. For other uses, see Ethnicity (disambiguation).
"Ethnicities" redirects here. For the academic journal, see Ethnicities (journal).
Anthropology
  • Outline
  • History
Types
  • Archaeological
  • Biological
  • Cultural
  • Linguistic
  • Social
Archaeological
  • Aerial
  • Aviation
  • Battlefield
  • Biblical
  • Bioarchaeological
  • Environmental
  • Ethnoarchaeological
  • Experiential
  • Feminist
  • Forensic
  • Maritime
  • Paleoethnobotanical
  • Zooarchaeological
Biological
  • Anthrozoological
  • Biocultural
  • Evolutionary
  • Forensic
  • Molecular
  • Neurological
  • Nutritional
  • Paleoanthropological
  • Primatological
  • Social
  • Cultural
  • Applied
  • Art
  • Cognitive
  • Cyborg
  • Development
  • Digital
  • Ecological
  • Environmental
  • Economic
  • Political economy
  • Historical
  • Feminist
  • Institutional
  • Kinship
  • Legal
  • Media
  • Medical
  • Museums
  • Musical
  • Political
  • Psychological
  • Public
  • Religion
  • Symbolic
  • Transpersonal
  • Urban
  • Visual
Linguistic
  • Anthropological
  • Descriptive
  • Ethnological
  • Ethnopoetical
  • Historical
  • Semiotic
  • Sociological
Research framework
  • Anthropometry
  • Ethnography
    • cyber
  • Ethnology
  • Cross-cultural comparison
  • Participant observation
  • Holism
  • Reflexivity
  • Thick description
  • Cultural relativism
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Emic and etic
Key concepts
  • Culture
  • Development
  • Ethnicity
  • Evolution
    • sociocultural
  • Gender
  • Kinship and descent
  • Meme
  • Prehistory

  • Race
  • Society
  • Value
  • Colonialism / Postcolonialism
Key theories
  • Actor–network theory
  • Alliance theory
  • Cross-cultural studies
  • Cultural materialism
  • Culture theory
  • Diffusionism
  • Feminism
  • Historical particularism
  • Boasian anthropology
  • Functionalism
  • Interpretive
  • Performance studies
  • Political economy
  • Practice theory
  • Structuralism
  • Post-structuralism
  • Systems theory
Lists
  • Anthropologists by nationality
  • Anthropology by year
  • Bibliography
  • Journals
  • List of indigenous peoples
  • Organizations
  • v
  • t
  • e

An ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other, usually on the basis of presumed similarities such as common language, ancestry, history, society, culture, nation or social treatment within their residing area.[1][2] Ethnicity is often used synonymously with the term nation, particularly in cases of ethnic nationalism, and is separate from but related to the concept of races.

Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, art or physical appearance. Ethnic groups often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool. By way of language shift, acculturation, adoption and religious conversion.

The largest ethnic groups in modern times comprise hundreds of millions of individuals (Han Chinese being the largest), while the smallest are limited to a few dozen individuals (numerous indigenous peoples worldwide). Ethnic groups may be subdivided into subgroups or tribes, which over time may become separate ethnic groups themselves due to endogamy or physical isolation from the parent group. Conversely, formerly separate ethnicities can merge to form a pan-ethnicity and may eventually merge into one single ethnicity. Whether through division or amalgamation, the formation of a separate ethnic identity is referred to as ethnogenesis.